A political party’s symbol is synonymous with the origin and values of the party. In India, registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving inputs in setting electoral rules and regulations.
There are 7 recognised national parties in India. While the party names are widely heard of and identified, party symbols are not easily recognised. Here is a compilation of party symbols and their current leaders.
Source: Wikipedia & others