By Olga Popova, Katya Golubkova and Dasha Afanasieva
MOSCOW/LONDON (Reuters) - Russian companies remain committed to planned stock market listings in 2019, sources and bankers say, despite the country's worst year for equity sales in a decade.
At least 10 Russian companies, ranging from petrochemicals giants to real estate and health businesses, had been lining up at least $4 billion worth of initial public offerings (IPOs) this year in Moscow and, in some cases, London.
But none have come to pass and 2018 will be the first year in a decade without a single Russian IPO.
"This year was marked by an increase in U.S. interest rates ... It triggered big outflows from emerging markets starting from May," said Dmitry Brodsky, head of equity capital markets for Russia and CIS at Russia-focused investment bank Renaissance Capital.
"Quite a lot of companies continue to study the market or prepare to tap it ... If the markets reverse, they could be ready in four to eight months."
But for all the plans and hopes, the outlook remains clouded as U.S. sanctions against Russia and wider economic concerns that have hammered emerging markets continue to weigh heavily on corporate Russia.
Among those that had been considering an IPO this year were Sibur, one of the world's largest petrochemicals companies, as well as insurer RESO and private healthcare provider European Medical Center.
"There will be no IPOs for the rest of the year – the window is shut," said Alina Sychova, head of capital markets origination at Sova Capital.
"I know there are a few names looking at the first-quarter: they are going to be monitoring the situation in terms of sanctions, Brexit and overall market volatility."
WHAT WENT WRONG
Last year Russian companies raised about $8 billion from public equity sales, about $3 billion of which was from IPOs, including Oleg Deripaska's En+ listing in London and Moscow, according to Reuters data. En+ manages Deripaska's energy and aluminium assets.
In April, however, Deripaska and his business were among those placed under U.S. sanctions in reponse to Moscow's alleged meddling in the 2016 U.S. election. Moscow has denied any wrongdoing.
The United States has also promised a fresh sanctions package, known as the "bill from hell", designed to punish Moscow for what Washington described as malign activity and other international actions that Russia has denied.
The Russian stock market was hit hard by the April sanctions. Haulage company Globaltruck, which raised 3.85 billion roubles ($59 million) via its Moscow IPO last November, was trading at 102.5 roubles per share on Thursday, down 22 percent from the 132 rouble offer price.
Sanctions, emerging markets turmoil and rising U.S. Treasury yields, topped off by the continuing U.S.-Sino trade war, have all hit the Russian IPO plans, bankers say.
Some companies that had been private business success stories - such as food retailer Magnit - became co-owned by state bank VTB. Others, including mobile phone operator Megafon, decided to delist their shares while only a handful of businesses held secondary share offerings.
"I don’t think market conditions are favourable," said an executive at a company that had considered listing some of its operations.
"There’s concern about the political situation, consumer confidence, budget, oil prices. It’s just volatile and that’s worrying for everybody," he told Reuters.
Another to fall by the wayside was, IT services company IBS, which postponed a $100 million Moscow IPO immediately after the sanctions announcement in April, citing volatility in financial markets.
"The market, both investors and companies, needs a certain time to adjust and find a balance," said Boris Kvasov, an executive director for equity capital markets at VTB Capital, Russia's leading investment bank.
"A lot of (IPO) transactions are in the stage of preparation and can materialise next year ... Any positive trend in resolving this (geopolitical issues) could trigger an increase in market activity, thanks also to unfulfilled demand."
($1 = 65.5600 roubles)
(Reporting by Olga Popova and Katya Golubkova in MOSCOW and Dasha Afanasieva and Karin Strohecker in LONDON; Editing by David Goodman)