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India less corrupt than Pakistan, China as per Global bribery risk matrix

Chaitra Anand
·5-min read

Think corruption exists only in India? Then widen your worldview.

India is at 77th position with a score of 45 in a global list that measures business bribery risks of 2020.

The list by TRACE, an anti-bribery standard setting organisation, measures business bribery risk in 194 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions.

According to this year's data, North Korea, Turkmenistan, South Sudan, Venezuela and Eritrea present the highest commercial bribery risk, while Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden and New Zealand present the lowest.

In 2019, India's rank stood 78 position with a score of 48 while in 2020 the country was ranked 77 with a score of 45, the data showed.

The score is based on four factors -- business interactions with government, anti-bribery deterrence and enforcement, government and civil service transparency, and capacity for civil society oversight, including the role of the media.

India fared better than its neighbours - Pakistan, China, Nepal and Bangladesh. Bhutan, meanwhile, secured 48th rank with a score of 37, the data showed.

'China has potentially helped to reduce opportunities for bribe demands by public officials by continuing to streamline its bureaucracy,' TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix said in a statement.

Apart from India, Peru, Jordan, North Macedonia, Colombia and Montenegro also have a score of 45 in the matrix.

Somalia moved out of the bottom ranking, which it held from 2017 to 2019, and is now ranked 187th out of 194.

The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix said it measures the likelihood of bribe demands in 194 jurisdictions. It was originally published in 2014 to meet a need in the business community for more reliable, nuanced information about the risks of commercial bribery worldwide.

The matrix aggregates relevant data obtained from leading public interest and international organisations, including the United Nations, World Bank, V-Dem Institute at the University of Gothenburg and World Economic Forum.

This data helps companies to assess the likely risk of bribe demands in each country and to design compliance and due diligence programs tailored to that risk, it said.

Here’s a look at the complete rankings in order of the countries at least risk of commercial bribery to countries at maximum risk.

Rank

Country

1

Denmark

2

Norway

3

Finland

4

Sweden

5

New Zealand

6

Netherlands

7

Switzerland

8

Germany

9

United Kingdom

10

Iceland

11

Canada

12

Australia

13

Estonia

14

Belgium

15

Singapore

16

Ireland

17

Austria

18

Luxembourg

19

Taiwan

20

Hong Kong

21

Japan

22

South Korea

23

United States

24

France

25

Portugal

26

Spain

27

Lithuania

28

Georgia

29

Uruguay

30

Andorra

31

Slovenia

32

Cyprus

33

Chile

34

Latvia

35

Israel

36

Italy

37

Costa Rica

38

Czech Republic

39

Liechtenstein

40

United Arab Emirates

41

Poland

42

Puerto Rico

43

Armenia

44

Greece

45

Malta

46

Mauritius

47

Jamaica

48

Bhutan

49

Barbados

50

St.VincentandtheGrenadines

51

Malaysia

52

Slovak Republic

53

Botswana

54

St. Lucia

55

Tunisia

56

San Marino

57

Croatia

58

Namibia

59

Antigua and 41 Barbuda

60

St. Kitts and Nevis

61

South Africa

62

Trinidad and Tobago

63

Cape Verde

64

BruneiDarussalam

65

Seychelles

66

Panama

67

Senegal

68

Grenada

69

Bulgaria

70

Dominica

71

Marshall Islands

72

Argentina

73

Romania

74

Indonesia

75

Ghana

76

Peru

77

India

78

Jordan

79

North Macedonia

80

Colombia

81

Montenegro

82

Bahamas

83

Kuwait

84

Kosova

85

Maldives

86

Rwanda

87

Sri Lanka

88

Thailand

89

Fiji

90

Brazil

91

Micronesia

92

Sao Tome and Principe

93

Vanuatu

94

Oman

95

Morocco

96

Mongolia

97

Burkina Faso

98

Ukraine

99

Mexico

100

Samoa

101

Palau

102

Benin

103

Dominican Republic

104

Serbia

105

Lesotho

106

Moldova

107

Nepal

108

Saudi Arabia

109

El Salvador

110

Hungary

111

Qatar

112

Tonga

113

Phillipines

114

Turkey

115

Albania

116

Suriname

117

Gambia

118

Eucador

119

Guyana

120

Paraguay

121

Soloman Islands

122

East Timor

123

Kazakhstan

124

Kenya

125

Belarus

126

China

127

Russian Federation

128

Tanzania

129

Niger

130

Kyrgyz Republic

131

Guatemala

132

Bosnia and
Herzegovina

133

Bahrain

134

Malawi

135

Mynamar

136

Azerbaijan

137

Papua New Guinea

138

Togo

139

Ivory Coast

140

Vietnam

141

Uganda

142

Mozambique

143

Belize

144

Lebanon

145

Kiribati

146

Eswatini

147

Zambia

148

Honduras

149

Sierra Leone

150

Ubekistan

151

Bolivia

152

Guinea

153

Pakistan

154

Mali

155

Nigeria

156

Iraq

157

Madagascar

158

Zimbabwe

159

Liberia

160

Egypt

161

Djibouti

162

Guinea-Bissau

163

Ethiopia

164

Algeria

165

Comoros

166

Bangladesh

167

Sudan

168

Gabon

169

Cameroon

170

Cuba

171

Afghanistan

172

Nicaragua

173

Libya

174

Tajikistan

175

Mauritania

176

Angola

177

Iran

178

Haiti

179

Central African Republic

180

Dem. Rep. of the Congo

181

Republic of the 72 Congo (Brazzaville)

182

Laos

183

Burundi

184

Chad

185

Syria

186

Cambodia

187

Somalia

188

EquatorialGuinea

189

Yemen

190

Eritrea

191

Venezuela

192

South Sudan

193

Turkmenistan

194

North Korea

The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix (TRACE Matrix) addresses an ongoing concern for companies doing business internationally: the possibility of being asked for a bribe by a foreign public official. Such a scenario can arise in countless ways, and myriad factors affect the risk. Confronting this complexity requires marshalling information about multiple facets of any prospective or ongoing business venture, including the people involved, the dynamics of the industry and the degree of bribery risk specific to a given market.

Source: THE 2020 TRACE BRIBERY RISK MATRIX

Inputs: PTI