The Indian cricket board (BCCI) confirmed that the right-arm seamer, who took four wickets in the first test in Chennai and was rested for the second Test, had requested to be omitted from the squad.
Bumrah was back in action at his home ground in Ahmedabad for the third Test, which India won by 10 wickets inside two days to seize a 2-1 series advantage with one match remaining, going wicketless in six first-innings overs for 19 runs.
And now the hosts will now be without one of the world’s finest fast bowlers for the deciding encounter.
“Jasprit Bumrah made a request to BCCI to be released from India’s squad ahead of the fourth test owing to personal reasons,” the board said in a statement.
“Accordingly, the fast bowler has been released and he will not be available for selection for the fourth test.”
India have decided not to add any player to cover for his absence for the final test, also in Ahmedabad from Thursday.
Bumrah had a limited role in the third test, where spinners Axar Patel and Ravichandran Ashwin wreaked havoc with the pink ball and India did not feel the need to bowl any of their seamers in England’s second innings.
In his absence, Mohammed Siraj will hope to be Ishant Sharma’s new-ball partner in the final match.
A draw in Ahmedabad will be enough for India to win the series and book their place in the final of the inaugural World Test Championship against New Zealand in June.
Reuters contributed to this report